The CARAMEL project aims to develop a detection and prevention system for the automotive industry against hacking. CARAMEL aims to deal with current cybersecurity challenges which can negatively impact Europe, such as pollution, material damages, economic harm, etc.. In greater detail, the project’s goal is to proactively tackle automotive cybersecurity by using Artificial Intelligence (AI) and Machine Learning (ML) techniques in the mitigation of security and safety risks and more specifically, it aims to reach commercial anti-hacking IDS/IPS products for the European automotive cybersecurity and to demonstrate the value through a vast number of attack and penetration scenarios.

The collaboration was mainly established under participation in the workshop together and the exchange of expertise (especially the perspective of different stakeholders relevant to the nIoVe Platform), which resulted in a better definition of the scope of the nIoVe products (i.e., nIoVe Platform and its configurations), clarification of the essential scenarios (as an additional justification of the defined prioritisation), and the importance of the trust management as a stand-alone tool and the specificity of the use cases such a tool shall support.

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SecureIoT was an EU project which concluded in 2020. The objective of the project was that of ensuring security within the IoT market which requires more advanced security techniques due to their new and highly connected nature. The project consortium consisted of leaders in the IoT and security sectors who worked together to develop what it denominated predictive security services to establish a basis for IoT systems, also in compliance with the GDPR, NIS and ePrivacy Directive. More specifically, the SecureIoT project developed prototypes that it tested in addition to assessment processes capable of identifying, grading, and sometimes mitigating security faults in IoT systems. The consortium furthermore developed a compliance auditing service that ensures that security standards are met, and security functions are adequately incorporated into IoT devices by design.

CERTH, as a member of the SecureIoT consortium, contributed to sharing the expertise and insights learned while executing the project. More specifically, the knowledge was used in the standard and guidelines necessary for developing different tools within nIoVe.

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The AVENUE project aims to translate the technical evolutions and operational and behavioural challenges into a successful integrated autonomous public transportation service, which will be adapted to the needs of passengers, city strategies and urban development planning. The aim of the AVENUE project is that demonstrate and pilot both the efficiency and adaptability of small and medium autonomous vehicles (AVs) in Lyon, Luxembourg, Geneva, Copenhagen and in 2-3 replicator cities. Instead, nIoVe’s objective is to deploy, demonstrate and evaluate the cybersecurity solution of autonomous vehicles.

Four partners from nIoVe’s consortium participate in this project, namely, CERTH, UNIGE (coordinator), NAVYA and TPG. These partners have brought in the expertise in autonomous vehicles and the experience gained from the large-scale pilot in real city environments from AVENUE. The partners have also applied know-how and result from security, safety and resilience evaluation in NAVYA’s autonomous fleet of buses.

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 Participants: UniGe, NAVYA, TPG, CERTH



CPSoSaware is short for Cross-layer cognitive optimization tools & methods for the lifecycle support of dependable CPSoS, an EU project which is working towards the development of a holistic approach for the testing and manufacturing of semi-autonomous connected vehicles. In order to allocate computational resources to the CPS end devices of the system, the project is creating models and tools that determine and autonomously generate which cyber-physical processes will be handled by each device's heterogeneous component (processor cores, GPUs, FPGA fabric, and software stacks). In this way, AI is used to improve reliability, security, and fault tolerance. Furthermore, the CPSoSaware system is also meant to use virtual reality technology and includes touchable interfaces to facilitate use.

One of the nIoVe partners involved in the project is ATHENA. However, the collaboration was created when the nIoVe consortium organised a workshop and invited the expert from the CPSosaware project to expand the technical aspects and approaches originally considered within the nIoVe, which contributed to a better vision of the needs of the domain (and as a result the roadmap of nIoVe enhancement).

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The ECHO project (European network of Cybersecurity centres and competence Hub for innovation and Operations) is part of four pilot projects launched by the European Commission to establish and operate a Cybersecurity Competence Network. The ECHO project wishes to deliver an organised and coordinated approach to strengthen proactive cyber defence in the EU, through effective and efficient multi-sector collaboration.

CERTH participates in this project both in the implementation of the project and in the organisation and participation in international conferences and workshops based on ECHO projects. This project was one of a few in terms of cybersecurity knowledge and skills/expertise utilisation, which directly contributed to the entire scope of the platform concept and particularities in the development concerning attack detection and further actions expected from the stakeholders with the support of the nIoVe Platform.

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The SHOW project,  which started in January 2020 and has a duration of 4 years, has as its main objectives the advancement and evolution of sustainable urban transport through technical solutions, business models and scenarios characterised by shared, connected and electrified fleets of automated vehicles in coordinated operational chains of public transport, demand responsive transport, mobility as a service (MaaS) and logistics as a service (LaaS) in real urban demonstrations across Europe.

The SHOW project is implementing real urban demonstrations in 20 European cities over 24 months, with real seamless service at each pilot site lasting at least 12 months. The fleet used in the context of the SNOW project will be connected to a wide range of supporting infrastructure (5G, G5, IoT).

Through the exploitation of these technological solutions, SHOW aims to promote the future transformation of the current city traffic ecosystem into a fully sustainable environment characterised by automation, electrification, cooperation, and inclusion.

Several nIoVe partners are the consortium members of the SHOW project as well, including CERTH, NAVYA, RISE, and UniGe. The project is directly related to the domain of the nIoVe (CAVs), yet, the key knowledge and experience that was reused are related to running and participating in a large-scale project 69 partners in the SHOW, which helped to learn some technical approaches to development and collaboration. Moreover, the technical experience was reused in the nIoVe as well.

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The H2020 CONCORDIA project contributes to the building of the EU Cybersecurity Competence Centre and is helping shape the EU’s future cybersecurity landscape. The potential focus of the project encompasses scientific and technological aspects, business aspects and leading social innovation. The project aims at providing a roadmap, governance structure and demos of cybersecurity partnerships between public-private sectors. Telecom, finance, e-Health, transport, communication, and standardization are different sectors involved in achieving the ultimate goal of the project.

The technological developments carried out in the project, deal with identifying cutting-edge technologies to address cyber threats, reducing the attack surface, and automating detection, mitigation, and risk management. Two of the main pilots of the project are focused on transport, e-Mobility, and security of vehicular communication systems and address major challenges faced by the industry – such as security of customer-centric services, data privacy, security of the manufacturing process, real-time monitoring – but also on securing the communications and complex operations of unmanned vehicles both autonomous and semi-autonomous. The security and availability of these systems are critical to ensure the safety of humans in close vicinity. The work in nIoVe is a continuation of the work in CONCORDIA applied more specifically to the automotive sector, and the nIoVe project has several tasks on similar topics. Notably, nIoVe T3.5 addresses secure communications in vehicular networks; T4.3 and T5.2 deal with real-time monitoring of the IoV; T5.3 and T5.4 focus on mitigating cyberattacks on IoV systems.

More specifically, the Machine Learning / Statistical Analysis techniques developed by RISE in its contribution to WP4 have served as a basis for RISE’s work in CONCORDIA, where these techniques were extended and adapted to a less centralized ecosystem (edge computing for ML) with adversarial actors (whereas in nIoVe, data is assumed to be clean and safe, thanks to the security guarantees provided by other components, notably from TUM).

For More Info: Home : CONCORDIA (

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The SerIoT project focuses on the identification and design of security and privacy solutions for the IoT. The research areas of SerIoT include IoT-oriented Honeypots and statistical signal analysis of IoT devices and traffic, as well as blockchain on IoT. Two partners from the nIoVe consortium, CERTH and HOPU, participated in the SerIoT project and contributed their expertise and know-how gained from SerIoT:

  • CERTH has contributed its expertise and know-how gained from SerIoT on wearable IoT-oriented honeypots, blockchain technology, and statistical data analysis of devices traffic analysis.
  • HOPU used relevant expertise developed in the SerIoT project to develop T8.2 (nIoVe Business Model & Market Analysis for cybersecurity across the IoV) and T8.3 (IPR Management, Exploitation Strategy & Business Planning) in the nIoVe project.

SerIoT technology will be installed, deployed and validated in emerging IoT-enabled application areas (i.e., Smart Transportation, Surveillance & Flexible Manufacturing/Industry 4.0 as core business areas and & Food & Supply chain) throughout its lifetime, enabling the conduction of pioneer R&D for the delivery of horizontal IoT end-to-end security platform in Europe. Concerning the possible links with nIoVe, there are two use cases related to transport:

1. ITS in smart Cities. Smart cities are a framework composed partly of information and communication technologies to improve infrastructure, efficiency, convenience and quality of life. In this context, one of the main issues is the mobility that uses cloud-based IoT applications to receive, analyse and manage data in real-time. Therefore, the goal is to optimise road transport and improve the control, safety and sustainability of its operation. This use case includes three scenarios:

    • Automated Driving
    • Public Transport Maintenance
    • Roadside ITS Station.
  1. 2. Food Chain. This use case aims to take advantage of one of the major advances of SerIoT, which will be the delivery of a constantly changing network infrastructure. Using the smart and dynamically behaviour of SDN routers together with the remotely controlled honeypots. This use case includes two scenarios:
    • Refrigerated container Monitoring IoT data integrity pilot
    • Risk in conservation conditions.

For More Info: SerIoT – Secure and Safe Internet of Things (